6 Types of Dental and Oral Diseases: What You Need to Know

Dental and oral diseases are a common problem for many people, and it's important to understand the different types of diseases that can affect your teeth and gums. Tooth decay, gum disease, halitosis, root infections, cold sores, and oral cancer are all types of dental and oral diseases that can have a significant impact on your oral health. In this article, we'll discuss the six main types of dental and oral diseases, their causes, symptoms, and treatments.The most common type of dental disease is tooth decay, also known as cavities or caries. Tooth decay is caused by not brushing your teeth after consuming sugary and acidic foods and beverages.

These substances erode the enamel of the tooth, allowing bacteria to form plaque which can cause cavities. To prevent tooth decay, it's important to brush your teeth twice a day and have regular checkups with your dentist.Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is another common type of dental disease. It is caused by plaque buildup on the teeth which leads to inflammation of the gums. Symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen, and easily bleeding gums as well as bad breath.

Poor brushing techniques and tobacco use can contribute to gum disease. If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis.Root infections are caused by cavities, cracks, or fractures in the tooth which allow bacteria to enter the root of the tooth. Symptoms include chronic throbbing toothache, pain when chewing or biting, and sensitivity to hot and cold foods and drinks. Root infections are treated with a root canal procedure.Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus which leads to inflamed blisters on the lips, gums, or inside of the cheek.

Over-the-counter medications or antiviral medications can help shorten an outbreak of sores and ease discomfort.Oral cancer is caused by the use of tobacco and alcohol and affects areas of the mouth and back of the throat. Your dentist will perform a full evaluation to diagnose oral cancer and prescribe a course of action that best suits your case.Finally, dry mouth is caused by medications, radiation treatments, chemotherapy, or certain health conditions. Dry mouth can lead to bad breath, mouth sores, gum disease, and an increased risk of tooth decay. To combat dry mouth you can drink water in sips throughout the day or use a special mouthwash from your dentist.

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