The Most Common Diseases of the Oral Cavity: Prevention and Treatment

Oral health is an important part of overall health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, many people suffer from oral diseases, such as cavities, gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancer. Other conditions of public health importance include orofacial clefts, noma, and oral injuries. Fortunately, most of these diseases are preventable and treatable in their early stages.

Candida infections, oral hairy leukoplakia, oral ulcers, and Kaposi's sarcoma are some of the most common oral manifestations of HIV and AIDS. Chinese health authorities have emphasized preventive oral care and oral health education since the late 1980s. Regular dental checkups are the most important way to detect early signs of oral cancer. Saliva can also be used as a diagnostic tool for a number of oral and systemic diseases.

The resolution recommends moving from the traditional curative approach to a preventive approach that includes the promotion of oral health in the family, schools, and workplaces. Risky behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, poor diets, stress, poor hygiene, and sedentary lifestyles can lead to chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, dental decay, and periodontal disease. To avoid being diagnosed with one of these diseases, it is important to take good care of your oral health. Precancerous lesions such as leukoplakia (white spots) and erythroplasia (red spots) can appear on the oral mucosa or tongue.

Leukoplakia has a lower tendency to transform into malignant tumors than erythroplasia. Tooth decay and periodontal diseases are the best-known oral diseases but other conditions can also negatively influence quality of life. Oral cancer is more common in men and older people and varies depending on socioeconomic circumstances. Poor oral health can lead to other chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.

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