What are the Most Common Oral Pathologies?

Large-scale population screening studies have identified the most common oral lesions, such as candidiasis, recurrent cold sores, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, mucocele, fibroma, mandibular and palatine toritos, pyogenic granuloma, migratory erythema, hairy tongue, lichen planus and leukoplakia. Soft tissue injuries are a category of oral diseases that appear as ulcers, red or white spots, or small bumps. Oral pathology is a specialty of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases, including oral cancer. Pathologists are involved in all areas of disease management, including research, diagnosis, examination and treatment.

Regular dental exams are an invaluable part of the early detection and treatment of cancer. Oral cancer often goes unnoticed in the mouth as a small white or red spot or sore. An oral exam is the best defense against dental problems and is the best chance to detect oral diseases. Regular oral cancer screening can help detect any abnormalities or changes before symptoms appear.

As dental specialists, we perform a variety of cancer screenings to reduce the potential harm of these diseases. Oral cancer treatment can be effective as long as the disease is detected early. In fact, more than 90 percent of cases are successfully treated when oral cancer is detected at its earliest stage. Non-cancerous irregularities and conditions can also be addressed by oral pathology.

The worst diseases of oral pathology are injuries and oral cancer, but even these can be treated if detected in the early stages. Jeffrey Sevor, DMD of Central Florida Periodontics & Implantology recommends that people examine their mouths for any signs of oral pathology. Identifying the exact problem may require a visit to an oral pathologist who may even need to take a biopsy sample. By detecting developing oral problems early, oral pathologists make treatment as simple and effective as possible and prevent oral diseases from affecting other areas of the body.

Oral and maxillofacial pathology is a specialization in dentistry that diagnoses, studies and treats various oral diseases.

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